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Year : 2000  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 7  |  Page : 272-276

Conscious sedation for pediatric cardiac catheterization

Consultant Pediatric Cardiologist, Pediatric Cardiology Section, Department of Cardiology and Cardiovascular Surgery, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar

Correspondence Address:
Vikas Kohli
Hamad Medical Corporation, P.O. Box 3050, Doha
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Diagnostic procedures make up a major portion of the practice of pediatric cardiology. Patient cooperation, often for extended periods, is of utmost importance for successful completion of many pediatric cardiac diagnostic procedures particularly those involving infants and preschool-age children. This requires the use of sedation. Invasive procedures such as cardiac catheterization and transesophageal echocardiography may cause significant discomfort, necessitating the use of additional analgesic and amnesic agents. Multiple drugs or repeated doses may be required during lengthy procedures. Ensuring patient safety by appropriate cardiorespiratory monitoring is mandatory. This review focuses of the pharmacologic agents used in pediatric cardiac catheterization. The pharmacology, indications for usage, and the risks and benefits of commonly used agents are addressed.

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