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Year : 2006  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 132-135

A hospital-based study on future approaches to combat cardiovascular diseases

1 Final year MBBS, Khyber Medical College, Peshawar, Pakistan
2 Professor Sultan Mahmood, Professor of Medicine, Khyber Medical College, Peshawar, Pakistan

Correspondence Address:
Hamzullah Khan
Room No 104, Qasim hall hostel, Khyber medical college, Post office: campus branch, University of Peshawar, Postal code: 25120, Peshawar
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Objectives: To determine the opinions of the physicians posted in two tertiary care hospitals of Peshawar regarding future strategies to combat cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Methods: The study was a descriptive observational survey conducted in Khyber Teaching Hospital (KHT), Hyderabad Medical Complex (HMC) and Department of Community Medicine, Khyber Medical College, Pehawar. The study was conducted from June 20 to August 15, 2006. A total of 60 clinical experts were selected, 48 from KHT/KMC and 12 from HMC. Medical specialists, general physicians and community experts were included. They were interviewed with a pre-designed questionnaire, prepared in accordance with the objectives of the study. Results: According to the clinicians' and general physicians' opinion, the national approaches to combat cardiovascular diseases should be aimed at: tobacco control legislation and its empowerment (60%), national physical activity policy (70%), check on food quality (21.66%), research promotion in the field of CVD (36.66%), conducting workshops and seminars to educate people about CVD (30%) etc. Community approaches should be more specific towards promotion of healthy activities (71.66%), discouraging smoking (96.66%), and conducting local workshops to increase awareness (26.66%). Individual approaches to combat CVD include screening of blood pressure, glucose and lipid profile regularly (85%), cessation of smoking (96.66%), weight control with exercise (75%), compliance in medication (46.66%), and leadership and advocacy to increase awareness and decrease stigma (43.33%). Conclusion : While establishing a strategy to CVD, there is a need to offer multiple approaches on national, community and individual levels.

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