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Year : 2008  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 104-108

Short Term Effect of Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy on Functional Recovery of Patients with Congestive Heart Failure

Dubai Heart Centre, Dubai Hospital, Dubai, United Arab Emirates

Correspondence Address:
Zaky Hosam
P.O. Box 21910, Dubai
United Arab Emirates
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Objectives: We investigated the impact of six month cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) on echocardiographic and clinical variables in congestive heart failure patients (CHF). Background: Cardiac resynchronization reduces symptoms and improves left ventricular function in many patients with heart failure due to left ventricular systolic dysfunction and cardiac dyssynchrony1. We evaluated its short term effects on reverse remodeling of the left ventricle and on the patient symptoms. Methods: The evaluated group contains seven patients (1 woman and 6 men). The average age was 62.43 ± 21.9 years. All the patients had CHF with prolonged QRS. The etiology was ischemic in 5 and idiopathic in 2. All patients underwent physical examination and six minutes hall walk test. Echocardiography was done to evaluate basic cardiac function, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF, M-mode & Simpson), left ventricular end diastolic diameter (LVEDD), left ventricular end systolic diameter (LVESD), MR severity and dysynchrony by Doppler and tissue Doppler. Results were compared before implantation and six weeks and six month after CRT implantation. Results: LVEDD and LVESD were reduced after six months, LVEDD was reduced from 75.9 ± 7.4 to 71.0 ± 4.1 mm ± SD (p value 0.04) and LVESD was reduced from 62.4 ± 8.5 to 59.3 ± 7.0 (p value 0.15). Ejection fraction was significantly increased after 6 weeks from 25 ± 7.1% to 31 ± 4.5%, (p value 0.03).The average grade of mitral regurgitation has increased from 1.67 ± 0.82 at baseline to 1.75 ± 0.88 at 6 month follow up, (p value 0.66) by semi-quantitative analysis. Conclusion: Although the study was performed on a small number of patients, yet we are convinced that Cardiac resynchronization therapy had favorable hemodynamic and clinical results in our heart failure patients.

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