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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 21  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 60-64

Ventricular dysfunction in patients with coronary slow-flow phenomenon: A single-center case–control study

1 Department of Cardiology, Seyyedoshohada Heart Center, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran
2 Department of Anesthesiology, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran
3 Department of Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Roghaiyeh Afsargharehbagh
Department of Cardiology, Seyyedoshohada Heart Center, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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Background: Coronary slow-flow phenomenon (CSFP), characterized by delayed distal vessel opacification of contrast, in the absence of significant epicardial coronary stenosis, has effects on exercise capacity and clinical outcomes. The aim of this study was to explore the systolic and diastolic function of patients with CSFP and to compare it with a group of controls with normal coronary anatomy and flow. Materials and Methods: In this case–control study, 45 consecutive CSFP patients and 45 age-, body mass index-, and presentation season-matched controls with normal coronary arteries and normal coronary flows were enrolled from Seyyedoshohada Heart Center from March 2015 to March 2016. A transthoracic echocardiography was done by a blinded echocardiographer using both conventional and tissue Doppler imaging techniques. Results: Patients with CSFP were more likely to be male (P = 0.006) and smoker (P = 0.02) compared to controls. Other risk factors were not different between the two groups. There were no differences between groups in terms of the peak early (E) and late (A) diastolic velocities, deceleration time, early (E') and late (A') peak diastolic velocities at the mitral annulus, and the systolic mitral annular velocity (S'). Global longitudinal strain and peak systolic strain rates was lower in patients with CSFP compared to controls (−16.7% ±2.4% vs. −18.9% ±1.6%, P < 0.001 and 1.10 ± 0.1 vs. 1.24 ± 0.3, P = 0.008, respectively). Conclusion: Patients with CSFP showed signs of the left ventricular systolic dysfunction in tissue Doppler echocardiography, which underlines the importance of close follow-up in these patients. Patients with CSFP should be screened for ventricular function preferably by tissue Doppler echocardiography.

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