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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 184-188

The comparing of short clinical cardiovascular outcomes with wraparound and nonwraparound left anterior descending artery in patients with anterior st-segment elevation myocardial infarction


Department of Cardiology, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Maryam Tavakoli
Department of Cardiology, Shahid Chamran Hospital, Moshtagh 3 Street, Isfahan
Iran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/HEARTVIEWS.HEARTVIEWS_216_20

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Background: The relation between left anterior descending artery (LAD) anatomy and clinical outcomes in patients with anterior ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) has not been fully investigated. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency and severity of short-term cardiovascular outcomes in patients with Anterior ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous intervention (PCI), based on wraparound and non-wraparound left anterior descending artery (LAD). Methods: In a cross-sectional study, 126 patients with anterior STEMI who were admitted to Shahid Chamran Hospital in Isfahan during 2020 were studied. Patients were evaluated for anatomical features of LAD coronary artery and clinical outcomes determined and compared based on wraparound LAD and non-wraparound LAD during hospitalization and up to one month after PCI. Results: The prevalence of wraparound LAD in the studied patients was 73% and left ventricular systolic dysfunction in admission was greater and more severe in patients with wraparound LADs compared with those with non-wraparound. Severe LV systolic dysfunction in the wraparound and non-wraparound groups was 39.6% and 8.8%, respectively (P < 0.001). Also, the frequency of arrhythmias in the wraparound group (21.7%) was higher than the non-wraparound group (5.9%) (P = 0.037). Conclusion: The patients with anterior STEMI and wraparound LAD have a worse clinical outcome and more severe left ventricular systolic dysfunction. Therefore, it seems that the study of the anatomical condition of the LAD artery at the time of angiography is of great importance in the way of observation and care, and treatment of patients.


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