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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 22  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 271-274

A 5 years assessment of patients with acute digoxin poisoning: A toxicoepidemiology study in Iran

1 Toxicological Research Center, Department of Clinical Toxicology, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Loghman Hakim Hospital, Tehran, Iran
2 Skull Base Research Center, Loghman Hakim Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences; Department of Clinical Pharmacy, School of Pharmacy, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Shahin Shadnia
Department of Clinical Toxicology, Toxicology Research Center, Excellence Center of Clinical Toxicology, Loghman Hakim Hospital, Kamali St, Tehran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


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Background: Digoxin poisoning leads to the development of cardiac and noncardiac complications. Digoxin immune fab is a safe and effective antidote, but clinical trials have not been performed in this regard, and most of the evidence is based on prospective studies. Understanding the toxicoepidemiology pattern of digoxin poisoning could provide valuable context for better managing its acute poisoning. Objectives: This study aimed to assess the toxicoepidemiology pattern of acute digoxin poisoning through a 5-year assessment in Iran. Methodology: In this observational study, the records of 97 patients who were referred with acute digoxin poisoning between 2010 and 2015 were evaluated. Demographic characteristics, past medical history, drug history, chief complaints, vital signs, paraclinical findings, digoxin immune fab administration, and clinical outcomes recorded. Results: The mean age of patients was 34.02 ± 17.87 years old. About 24.7% of patients had underlying diseases, and among them, heart failure was the most prevalent disease (29.2%) 42.3% of patients needed intensive care unit (ICU) admission. The mean duration of ICU stay was 4.00 ± 2.29 days. Digoxin immune fab was administered for 4.1% of patients, and an average of 6.2 ± 2.2 vials were used for them. All patients survived, and no mortality was reported. Conclusions: Digoxin immune fab administration did not alter the mortality rate. Hence, it can be concluded digoxin immune fab is not appropriate in acute poisoning, but it may be considered in chronic poisoning. Furthermore, acute digoxin poisoning is more common in Iran, and it responds appropriately to conventional treatment.

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